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The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)
 

This recording was made on the morning of the investiture at Whakarua Park.

Transcript

Sir AT Ngata: This is another item by Tuini Ngawai. E te Hokowhitu-a-Tu. Kaati ra te hinga hinga noa. A great little piece sung to the air of “In the Mood.” A great favourite in the native schools and also outside, wherever it has been performed. 

Recording begins at Nga iwi nui e and then after great applause the song is performed a second time.

E te Hokowhitu-a-Tu! Kia kaha ra!
Kaati ra te hinga hinga ki raro ra
Ma nga whakaaro ki runga rawa ra
E arahi ki te ara e tika ai
Whirinaki, whirinaki tatou katoa
Kia kotahi ra

Solo : Ngarimu, aue
Nga iwi nui e.  E tangi nei e.

Nga marae e tu noa nei,
Nga maunga e tu noa nei,
Aue ra ! E tama ma !
Te mamae, te pouri e
I patu nei i ahau i na

Solo : Ngarimu, aue !
Anei o hoa e, e rurutu nei.

The noble band of Tu be strong!
And do not be downcast or pressed down
But let your thoughts be set on high,
That you may be guided aright.
Lean one upon the other
United all.

 O’ Ngarimu
The many tribes are bereft

The many maraes stand empty,
The mountains are lonesome too,
Alas! My sons!
The pain, the grief
That gnaws at my heart.

O’ Ngarimu
Here are your friends lamenting.

 

Verses sung together.


Site editors notes:

  • There is intermittent static throughout the audio

Sound file from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Image reference
Alexander Turnbull Library
PA1-o-1038-09-6
The Tokomaru Bay party led by Tuini Ngawai at the V.C. hui at Ruatoria in 1943 - photograph by Owen Johnson

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)
 

This recording was made on the morning of the investiture at Whakarua Park.

Transcript

Sir AT Ngata: (inaudible) Kati ra he korero ki a au. Come on Tuini. The people who attend to the canteens in the pavilion and on the lawn if they are here will you please now (inaudible) and man those canteens and the tables in the pavilion. Getting near that now. Ae.

Song

Mai i nga ra o mua, e Api, ki tenei ra

Ko koe ra me te tumanawa, e koro e!

Ahakoa kua hinga ki raro ra

Ko taku na kia kotahi tonu, e

Aue ra te arohanui, e Api e.

 

Ko nga tumanako, e Api, mo tenei wa

Ka rapa noa nga whakaaro, me pehea ra!

Nga pani, te rawakore

Nga tamariki a te Tairawhiti, e

Aue ra te arohanui, e Api e.

verses repeated

Solo: Ko koe ra Porourangi

Ko Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa       


Site editors notes:

  • There is intermittent static throughout the audio

Sound file from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Image reference
Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: PAColl-6301-60
Date: 6 Oct 1943
Women performing a song during the hui in Ruatoria to award the Victoria Cross to Te Moananui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu.  Apirana Ngata is in the foreground.

Further information and copies of this image may be obtained from the Library through its 'Timeframes' website, http://timeframes.natlib.govt.nz
Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa must be obtained before any reuse of this image.

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)
 

This recording was made on the morning of the investiture at Whakarua Park.

Kaea: Kia whakangahoki au i ahau!

Katoa: Hi aue, hi!

Kaea: Ko nga iwi katoa no te wairangi!

Katoa: Taku upoko!

Kaea: I taku!

Katoa: Taku upoko!

Kaea: No tuwainuku!

Katoa: Taku upoko!

Kaea: No tuwairangi!

Katoa: I a ha ha!

Katoa: He koia, he koia ra!

Hei kai mahau te whetu, hei kai mahau te marama..

Piki tonu heke tonu te Puku o te Ika ki te Reinga, kio!

 

Sir AT Ngata: (inaudible) kia tae atu nga tangata ki nga canteens.

Haka continues. This item inaudible due to laughter.

 

Sir AT Ngata: (inaudible) Gisborne party get ready please.

Haka continues. This item inaudible due to laughter.

 

Woman: Kia ora Tuini.

Sir AT Ngata: Kia ora koutou Te Whanau a Rua. Kia ora i a koutou te ingoa o nga kaumatua katoa tera ...

 

Site editors notes:

  • Sound levels are very low and there is intermittent static throughout the audio
  • A question mark (?) after a word indicates transcript is unclear

 


Sound file from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Image reference

Alexander Turnbull Library
1/4-002071-F
Waiata during hui - photograph taken by J D Pascoe Date: 6 Oct 1943.

Further information and copies of this image may be obtained from the Library through its 'Timeframes' website, http://timeframes.natlib.govt.nz.  Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa must be obtained before any reuse of this image.

 

 

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)
 

This recording was made on the morning of the investiture at Whakarua Park.

Transcript

Kaea: Karangatia ra! Terona kei waho!

Karangatia ra! Karangatia ra!

Pohiritia ra nga iwi o te motu.

Nga mano tini, haere mai

He hui aroha moou nei Ngarimu.

E ngau nei te aroha me te mamae.

 

Haere mai e nga iwi! Haere mai ki te hui!

Nau mai te Kawana nga mana tiketike

Honoa mai te aroha, haere mai

Taonga tuatahi kei te Tairawhiti

E ngau nei te aroha me te mamae.

 

Nau ra Tiamana! Nau ra Hitara!

Wero ki taku uma titi rawa i te manawa

Oho ana te mauri, aue ra

Nga taitamariki o Aotearoa

E ngau nei te aroha me te mamae.

Each verse sung twice


Site editors notes:

  • Sound levels are very low and there is intermittent static throughout the audio
  • A question mark (?) after a word indicates transcript is unclear

Sound file from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Image reference
Alexander Turnbull Library

1/4-00679
Members of the Gisborne Kiwi Club performing during the rehearsal for the VC hui. 
Pictured (R-L) are:  Paranihi Kahaki, Kura Johnson, Mate Kaua, Cissy Ryland and Miria Kaua.  On the far left is Peggy Pitt Kaua.  Photograph taken by J D Pascoe Date: 6 Oct 1943.

Further information and copies of this image may be obtained from the Library through its 'Timeframes' website, http://timeframes.natlib.govt.nz.  Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa must be obtained before any reuse of this image.

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)
 

This recording was made on the morning of the investiture at Whakarua Park.

Transcript

Sir AT Ngata: We’ve sent the children to the canteen to have a drink of tea. Now we have still on the programme items by the Turanganui tribes ―Ngati Konohi, Ngati Oneone, Te Aitanga-a-Mahaki, Rongowhakaata, Ngai Tamanuhiri.

Ka watea atu enei ka nuku mai koutou i runga. Ah, um Te Rangitiria ka mutu te haka a tenei ope ko Tuhoe, kei muri ko koe ko Te Arawa. Mau e whakaoti te hui.  Nau i timata tatau te kawe te pakanga, mau ano kia whakaoti. Aua atu to koutou mapu Te Arawa. Me hoki ki Waiomatatini whakamaroke i o koutou puehu.

SSP 9a

Song, recording begins at Te tangi a to iwi Maori

Rukuhia Ngarimu i te moana

Mauria te mana o te motu

Te tangi a to iwi Maori

Te aroha te ao katoa

I hinga koe i Tunihia

Kei reira to riri mutunga

Kua mutu to rongo i te haruru

Mai o te mura o te ahi

Sung twice and last two lines a third time after a brief mihi by the kaea.

 

Site editors notes:

  • There is intermittent static throughout the audio

Sound file from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Image reference
Alexander Turnbull Library
DA-01990-F
Te Moananui-a-Kiwa (centre).  Photographer unidentified.

Further information and copies of this image may be obtained from the Library through its 'Timeframes' website, http://timeframes.natlib.govt.nz.  Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa must be obtained before any reuse of this image.

 

Song entitled Ngarimu as performed by a group at the investiture ceremony on June 4, 1943 at Ruatoria.

(Site editors note: Some static throughout the recording)

Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943. 

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)

Transcript

Leader: Toru, wha
Haere mai ra, e nga morehu
Aue te aroha, te mamae!
Mauria mai nga tini honore
O te Hokowhitu toa, e.

Verse repeated

Te Moana nui a Kiwa Ngarimu!
Maranga mai ra, e te tau!
Arahina mai ra nga morehu nei
Ki runga i nga marae nei.

Verse repeated

Tenei te iwi nui e tangi nei
Mo nga tini hoa kua wehe nei.
Titiro kau noa ra, e tama ma,
Kei whea koutou e ngaro nei.

Verse repeated

Soundfile from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

This ceremonial haka is called Kura Tiwaka Taua, a haka taparahi of the East Coast people.  It was composed in pre-European times. 

An explanation and translation can be found here.

(Site editors note: Some static throughout the recording)

Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943. 

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)


Transcript

Sir AT Ngata introduction: Ngarimu recording 7B.  This is the men’s ceremonial Haka called Kura Tiwaka Taua. Composed in pre European days, this is one of the classic ceremonial haka taparahi of the East Coast people. The rendering is in the Souvenir programme published in connection with the Ngarimu VC investiture meeting at Ruatoria four years ago and the English version also appears there. And listeners are recommended to acquire the little booklet. In doing so, they will be helping the Ngarimu scholarship fund and also receiving some edification themselves.

Sir AT Ngata (at gathering): Mahia mai ta tatau haka Kuratiwaka Taua. This contains the tukiwaka of the Takitumu Canoe halfway down the item, beginning over the page that is the song of the Takitimu canoe on page 30.  Ko pai kua whiti te ra inaianei. Right ‘o Jim[1] you want to use those eyes.

Kaea[2]: Arara kia whakangahoki au i ahau!
Katoa: Hi aue, hi!

Sir AT Ngata: Hea hea Moni. Hautia to waka e Moni.

Whakaara

Kaea: Ma konei ake au!
Katoa: Titaha ake ai, hai!
Kaea:  Me kore e tutaki!
Katoa: He pupu karikawa, he pupu harerorero hi!
Kaea:  E katikoki!
Katoa: E ka tahuri!
Kaea: E Katikoki!
Katoa: E  ka tahuri!  Ka tahuri ra Nui Tireni, i aue! Au, au ,aue!

Sir AT Ngata: Nearly As Good as us so far.  Crowd laughter.

Taparahi

Kaea:  E ringaringa i torona titaha!
Papa te whatitiri, hikohiko te uira,
I kanapu ki te rangi, i whetuki i raro ra,
Ru ana te whenua, e!

Katoa: E, i aha tera e! Ko te werohanga
A Porourangi i te Ika a Maui
E takoto nei! A ha ha!
Kia anga tiraha ra to puku ki runga ra!
A ha ha! Kia eke mai to iwi ki runga ki
To tuatua werowero ai e ha! I aue, taukuri, e!

Kaea:  Tena ra, Te Moananui e tu ake ki runga
Ki te hautu i ohou waka, i a Horouta,
Takitimu e takoto nei!

Katoa: A ha ha!

Kaea:  Ara! He tia, he tia, he tia!
Ara! He ranga, he ranga, he ranga!
Whakarere iho ana te kakau o te hoe ko

Katoa: Maninitua! Ko Maniniaro!
Tangi te kura i tangi wiwini,
Tangi te kura i tangi wawana!

Kaea:  Tera te haeata takiri ana mai
I runga o Hikurangi!

Katoa: Ara! Whaiuru, whaiuru, whaiuru!
Ara! Whaiato, whaiato, whaiato!
Arara tini! Arara tini! Ara ri!

Kaea:  A ko tena, tena!

Katoa: A ko tena, tena!
Ehara ko te wai o to waha, ko te wai o to waha!
Hei koti, hei koti, hei koti!
Kaea:  Ka rere! I ka rere!

Katoa: Te rere I te waka, kutangitangi, kutangitangi!
E kura tiwaka taua! E kura tiwaka taua!
E kura wawawa wai! E kura wawawa wai!

Tuku

Kaea:  E Ko komako! Ko komako!
Katoa:  Ko te hautapu e rite ki te kai na Matariki. Tapareireia koi tapa! Tapa konunua koiana tukua! I aue hi!

Reference

[1] Probably Jim Leach of Whangara

[2] Although Moni was from Reporua he was working at Whangara. 

Soundfile from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Sir Apirana Ngata introduces the Ngarimu VC Scholarship to the crowd present at the investiture ceremony at Ruatoria in 1943.

(Site editors note: Sound levels are uneven - some parts are very loud and includes wind and static)

Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943. 

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu (6 October 1943) was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  He had only just lost his seat to Labour's Jack Ormond (Tieki Omana) 12 days earlier, ending a 38-year parliamentary career. Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)

Transcript

Sir AT Ngata: Kia ora Hiki (?), kia ora, kite atu, na o hine i whakaatu.
Now the next one if you would refer to your programmes, the white programme, the white souvenir programme item 11 and 12 are combined now. The Matatua Ngaroma canoes are combined in doing their item. Now before their item is given I want to say something about the Ngarimu and 28 Maori Battalion Scholarship Fund. The suggestion that the award of honours to the Maori Battalion, members of the Maori Battalion particularly the Victoria Cross should be commemorated in a worthwhile way was made by a European resident of this district at Hiruharama on the 13th day of June. That has since been taken up and before this meeting was held, taking together contributions made by schools that came to hand then. The scholarship funds in this district, has reached 3850 pounds.

Crowd applauds”

The amount we are after is 7500 pounds. This does not contain some very substantial contributions on the way from our tribes in what is known as the Eastern Maori district - Hawkes Bay, Wairoa and those places.  They are the contributions of the peoples in what is known as the Horouta district between Muriwai on the South and Torere in the Bay of Plenty. They have put up nearly 4000 pounds. I want to say in regard to this fund, it’s nationwide in its character so far as the Maoris are concerned. It is open to every child, of every tribe in New Zealand. It is a matter for the education department to advise the board of trustees of this fund when that board is set up - as to the scope, the terms and the conditions of the scholarships. They are being invested in government stock.  Already over 2000 pounds are invested in war loans. The legislation will be necessary to establish the scholarship fund and to set up a board of trustees.  Representing Ngati Porou, I have the suggestion to make that the Minister of Education should ex-officio be chairman of the board of trustees. But it may be found advisable later and certainly appropriate to have a board something like the Waitangi board of trustees with the Governor General of the day as the chairman of the board. That is a matter for the Government to consider.

“Small crowd applause”

We have, I won’t say a promise Mr Fraser, but we have, should I say an indication from a very prominent member of the present cabinet that the Government will give serious consideration to the subsidising of contributions by the Maori tribes and Pakeha throughout New Zealand of pound for pound up to 7500 pounds.

Mr Fraser:  I said I'd recommend it.

Sir AT Ngata: Ah, Mr Fraser tells me that he’d recommend it. Now that goes beyond a mere suggestion. Homai te pakipaki.

“Crowd applauds”

I have further the assurance of the Prime Minister that after this meeting, in order to make the appeal as wide as possible and affect all tribes here, that the Maori War Effort Organisation shall take it up in all its branches, except, except the districts that have already made their contributions. Now I want to offer one further suggestion, although the scholarship is available for all Maori children of all Maori tribes, I think they should be linked up with some knowledge of the Maori language and in the higher reaches when you get to secondary education there should be some concentration on features of Maori culture, anthropology and so on.

I think this is a magnificent opportunity Mr Fraser and members of parliament present here, to make of the efforts of the Maori Battalion and the awards they have gained in the front line to build up a fund for the education, up to date education, of members of the Maori race.

Kia ora koutou nga iwi nei. Kei te mohio koutou mo tenei hui. Taku tamaiti e Ti, taku mokopuna Tapihana Paikea, tera aku tamariki ko Tokouru kare i konei.  Mehemea kei konei taku tamaiti a Tieki Omana, kia ora koe, haere mai. Haere mai ki to taua tuunga. Ma koutou a tatou mahi e whakatutuki. Ko te taha ki nga iwi o te motu, karekau he panui tu i tae atu engari ma runga atu i nga mema Paremata te pohiri ki a ratou kia tae mai ki te hui nei. Na reira, i waiho ai hei konei koutou ka rongo, he penei tetahi o nga kaupapa awhina i ta tatou Scholarship Fund hei painga mo a tatau tamariki puta noa nga motu e rua. Na reira, kia ora koutou.

 

Soundfile from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Image
Apirana Turupa Ngata. Ref: 1/4-021044-F. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand.

Song performed by the Mataatua and Te Arawa groups attending the investiture ceremony at Ruatoria.

(Site editors note: recording starts part way through song and recording marred by speed fluctuations)

Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943. 

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)
 

Transcript

… tangi mohou kua hinga mai
Pare te ope mou i muri nei
Ko wai hei rau i whai i o tamariki
Ko wai ra hei arahi
He oriori e ki a koe Ngarimu
Kua hinga ake i Ihipa
Kua mutu te mamae

Kua riro koe i nga kapua
Moe i to moenga roa
Kua taha koe i nga kino o te ao
Moe mai e tama e
Huri noa nga tau nei e
Ka tangi tonu au
Kei roto i taku manawa
Te mamae te hui nei

 

 

Soundfile from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

The haka 'Ka hiko tonu au' performed as a song by a Tuhoe group who attended the investiture ceremony.

Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture

The Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting and Reception to His Excellency the Governor General, 6 October 1943. 

On 4 June 1943 news was broadcast world-wide that 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap, Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Maori soldier.

The public investiture ceremony where the Governor-General presented the award to Mr & Mrs Hamuera Ngarimu was held at Whakarua Park in Ruatoria, Ngarimu’s home town. At the time it was one of the largest and most fully documented Māori gatherings ever held.[1]  Despite the rain and mud, 7000 people attended the event, including the Prime Minister and other parliamentarians, Battalion members on furlough, Home Guardsmen and 1300 schoolchildren, who came from all parts of the country. Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngāti Porou, led by Sir Apirana Ngata hosted the event that featured five hours of entertainment.  Members of the National Film Unit, the official Government photographer - John Pascoe, and the press documented the event. Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatoria to record the event.  Read more about the event here.

There were two booklets printed for the occassion:
1) Souvenir of the Ngarimu Victoria Cross Investiture Meeting (NSP)
2) Supplement to the Souvenir Programme (SSP)
 

Transcript

Kaea: Ara kia hiko au e!
Toru, wha,

Kia hiko tonu au
Ko taku meremere
He tohu i taku toa ki te hoariri e
Ka ngaru ai te whenua
Ka ngaru ai te moana
Ka tu te ihiihi ki ahau e

Kia hiko au e, hi!
Kia hiko au e, hi!
Kei hinga au e kei mate au e
Kei te roto tonu au e ha

To taiaha e tama
Ko taku meremere
Taku te ihiihi ki ahau e
Kia hiko au e, hi!
Kia hiko au e, hi!
Kei hinga au e kei mate au e
Kei takoto tonu au e ha

To taiaha e tama
Ko taku meremere
Ka kino te haere e te iwi!

Toru, wha. Kia hiko tonu au
Ko taku meremere
He tohu i taku toa ki te hoariri e
Ka ngaru ai te whenua
Ka ngaru ai te moana
Ka tu te ihiihi ki ahau e

Kia hiko au e, hi!
Kia hiko au e, hi!
Kei hinga au e kei mate au e
Kei te roto tonu au e ha

To taiaha e tama
Ko taku meremere
Ka kino te haere e te iwi!
Toru, wha, hi!

crowd applause

Sir Apirana Ngata: Kia ora koutou Tuhoe

Soundfile from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero.  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Major Tiwi Love speaks on behalf of the 28th Māori Battalion at the launch of the HMS Maori.

Major Love:  Commander Jonas, Ships Company, ladies and fellow officers, other ranks of the 28th Māori Battalion. I’m very sorry indeed that our Colonel has not been able to come down and accept this emblem on behalf of the 28th Māori Battalion but he has delegated me to accept the same on behalf of our Battalion.  He assures me that as soon as we are able to get back to the Battalion again it will be presented at a full ceremonial parade of the Battalion, wherein, whereat we hope that some member or members of the HMS Maori will be present.  We the 28th Māori Battalion, members of the 28th Māori Battalion, and I’m sure other members of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces, including our nursing service who have come on this ship today, feel very highly honoured and we feel that we have at last put our foot again on New Zealand after being away so long.  On behalf of our Colonel and the officers, Warrant officers and other ranks of the 28th Māori Battalion – I thank you Sir.  Before concluding Sir, we feel that we are bound on account of our foulings around in the Libyan Desert, we have one or two souvenirs, the 28th Maori Battalion seem to be well known for souvenirs, and on the occasion of the 26th of November (1941), Rommell unfortunately was able to get out of Halfaya Pass, but he came up against B Company of the 28th Māori Battalion who captured one of his staff cars and in it were a lot of these flags.  We hope that you will accept this from the 28th Battalion as one of the souvenirs of war.

(Well done the Māoris)

Sound file from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. (1345-s01).  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Photo:  Destroyer HMS Maori (F24) underway, coastal waters.
Date: 18 March 1939
SourceImperial War Museums, FL 15085 (collection no. 8308-29[1])  
Author: Royal Navy official photographer

Representatives of the Māori Battalion were received on board the HMS Maori as guests of the commander and his men. Māori achievements in Greece, Crete and Libya were marked by the presentation of the HMS Maori's ensign complete with the ship's talisman - a tiki.  Māori Battalion members present include Major Tiwi Love, Major Doug Harvey, Lieutenants’ Piiti Wordley, Taipa. Privates’ Aubrey Rota, Ropiha Korau, Edwards [?], Barrett [?], Rangi [?], Wharerau, Kurepo [?], Kelly Hawira, Tuhimareikura Manawaroa, Pene, Johnson, Hau, Robinson [?], Paraini [?], Katae, Te Kani, Te Tana, Warbrick and Hoia [?]

Major Rangi Royal thanks the hosts for the honour and his speech ends with a performance by the Battalion party of the famous haka “Ka mate”.

Major Rangi Royal: Commander Jonas, the Ships Company, ladies, members of the medical staff of No. 3 Annex General hospital, officers, and NCOs and other ranks of the Māori Battalion.  I would ask your indulgence just for a few minutes.  On occasions like this we have a custom we must observe and I intend at this stage to say just a few words to your good ship.

Te waka e tau nei e, tēnā koe.  Tēnā koe kua whakawahia nei ki te ingoa e mau nei hei ingoa o te iwi Māori.  Tēnā koe i puta mai i te mura o te ahi, a, e tau nei.  Mā Tangaroa koe e manaaki. Mā te Atua koutou katoa e manaaki.  Te Moananui a Kiwa e takoto nei, tēnā koe.  Tēnā koe e manaaki haere nei i te ingoa o to iwi.  Nāu e manaaki, a, tae noa te tutukitanga o tēnei pakanga, tēnā koe.  

Commander Jonas I think this is really an occasion of historical interest.  When the Māori khaki clad meets the Māori iron clad.  They meet today and the khaki clad is welcomed by the iron clad as your hospitality has shown today.  We are indeed very much honoured by your invitation and I say as representative of the race, that the race is honoured also by the fact that one of its most noted destroyers bears the name of the race.  We hope that the hosts of Tangaroa will always attend you, that Kiwa who commands the great oceans will always smile upon you and that God Almighty will guide and protect you and all of us so that we may attain that goal the world desires - victory, peace and joy for all.  I thank you.

28th Māori Battalion members:
Ka mate, ka mate! Ka ora ka ora!
Ka mate, ka mate! Ka ora ka ora
!Tēnei te tangata puhuruhuru nānā i tiki mai whakawhiti te ra
Ā hupane, a hupane, a hupane kaupane whiti te ra

Sound file from Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero. (1344-s02).  Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright.

Photo:  Destroyer HMS Maori (F24) underway, coastal waters.
Date: 18 March 1939
SourceImperial War Museums, FL 15085 (collection no. 8308-29[1])  
Author: Royal Navy official photographer